Rebellion Through Religion in Lūcija Garūta's God, Your Land Is Burning!

Jacy Pedersen, Wichita State University

Despite the believed pervasion of atheism throughout the Soviet Union, Latvian composers used various religious—specifically Christian—allusions and source material in their work. As Christianity was a central part of Latvian identity, the use of hymn melodies, four-part chorale texture and voice leading, and religious texts were combined with expressions of Latvian identity and autonomy. Through the adaptation of the original poem's text, harmonic motions and relationships, harmonic text painting, and formal structure, Lūcija Garūta's God, Your Land Is Burning! highlights both Latvian patriotism and Christian religion. With the additional large- scale use of hexatonic pole relationships and resemblance to the structure of the Lutheran liturgy, I argue that the cantata further becomes a condensed form of a weekly Lutheran service.